Applications Of Photogrammetry In Topographic Mapping

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Digital Mapping Using Aerial Digital Camera Imagery

ABSTRACT:

 Photogrammetry using aerial digital camera has been utilized widely in the fields of a plan, development and management for a national land in advanced countries. There are various benefits using photogrammetry with digital camera imagery, such as the prevention of differential stretch errors when scanning analogue films as well as the cost-cutting according to banning the use of analogue films. 

 Most of all, one of the biggest benefits is to be able to store, maintain and manage digital imagery in the computers without any procedures. In this research, the characteristics which were analyzed on the basis of analysis of properties and application cases in digital camera imagery were investigated and a large-scaled map with aerial digital camera imagery was made.

 In order to analyze accuracies of results for the production of digital map using digital camera imagery, the digital topographic maps of 1:1000 scale were used. And then the accuracy between digital map and generated map from digital camera imagery was compared and assessed. 

From the results of this study, it would carry out the accuracy analysis for digital map by digital imagery in a wide area and it would be able to increase the uses of the production and application of digital map using digital camera imagery.

1.INTRODUCTION

 Surveying and mapping are very important techniques for development and management of a national land. In order to collect geospatial information, various survey techniques are required. These techniques from measurements of the moon and stars, via a term of using invar tape or a simple instrument to GPS surveying or remote sensing have been developing rapidly. 

Aerial photogrammetry started in the mid and late 19th century in France. Developing the metric camera in the opening years of the 20th century brought the epoch-making turning point to mapping wide area, which became the most efficient and economical surveying technique to produce topographic map in most countries. The aerial photogrammetry is used in many spheres. And the development of techniques (such as aircraft, computer, etc.) changes it from mechanical method and analytical method to digital method.

Although techniques and products to relate the aerial photogrammetry in the world is used in many parts of a digital environment, aerial photogrammetry using existing analogue camera is still conducted, besides the scanning procedure to change from analogue imagery to digital imagery has to go forward. This procedure of scanning the film wastes expenses and time. 

Furthermore it brings some errors sometimes. However, if aerial photogrammetry using digital camera is conducted, it needs no more film. So economical efficiency of development, operation expense, space, and time can be improved, in addition the procedure of scanning to acquire digital imagery is enabled to abbreviate and prevent errors of scanning procedure. Also, imagery of digital camera is digital data, it makes easy to save and manage the data.

Consequently, this research would be present foundation data and reinvigorate relative industry as constructing of geospatial information data about research area and analyzing accuracy of digital camera imagery.

2.DIGITAL MAPPING USING AERIAL DIGITAL CAMERA IMAGERY

The process of large-scaled digital mapping using digital camera is more effective and economical method than the other method using analogue aerial photography, because of omission and simplification of scanning, ground control point surveying, aerial triangulation. 

In this research, digital mapping has been performed about research area using aerial digital camera imagery. Economical effectiveness and efficiency of digital mapping was proved by executing the accuracy analysis. 

For digital mapping in research area, a display of three-dimensional modeling and create of vector element by ISSD (Image Station Stereo Display) shows the working view of digital restitution. In this research, digital restitution was conducted to use organized stereo model. 

Generally the digital restitution was a realistic description of digital restitution data without topographical exaggeration or displacement. Based on such digital restitution data, the digital mapping was conducted to use digital imagery, existing map, and geospatial information of documentation 

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3.ACCURACY ANALYSIS

 In this research, the digital mapping of large-scale using aerial digital camera imagery which was improved of practical efficiency compared with existing analogue method was performed. And it would be present foundation data and reinvigorate relative industry. For this purpose, digital restitution using digital camera imagery was constructed. And it was compared with a scale of 1 to 1,000 digital map and accuracy analysis of it was conducted.

4.CONCLUSIONS

In this research, possibility of large-scaled digital mapping using aerial digital camera was proved and that would be contributed to revitalization of industries by presenting foundation data. The results of the accuracy analysis using aerial digital camera imagery are following. These results are in allowable accuracy that is published by the detail standard of public surveying , therefore it would be possible to apply digital image on a scale 1 to 1,000 digital mapping.

In the future, if it conducts globally research considering topographical feature and additional accuracy analysis of three-dimensional position by GPS surveying, it would be possible to indicate more objective and accurate result.

REFERENCES

Mikhail, E. M., Bethel, J. S. and McGlone, J. C., 2001. Introduction to modern photogrammetry. Jhon Wiley & Sons, New York. 

CAMERA & IMAGING PRODUCTS ASSOCIATION, http://www.cipa.jp/english/index.html 

Cramer, M., 2003. Integrated GPS/inertial and digital aerial triangulation-recent test results, Proceedings of Photogrammetric Week ‘03 (D. Fritsch, editor), Wichmann Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, pp.161–172. 

Habib, A.F., 1998. Aerial triangulation using point and linear features, International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Munich/Germany, Vol. XXXIII, Part 3–2,W5:137–141. 

Schenk, T., 1999. Digital Photogrammetry, Volume I, TerraScience, pp. 251–266. 

Masry, S.E., 1981. Digital mapping using entities: a new concept, Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, 48(11), pp. 1561–1565.