The rise of drone technology has been one of the greatest revolutions in military in the past twenty years. Drones have a number of uses in military operations including conducting air strikes, disabling roadside bombs, etc. Israel was one of the earlies nations to conduct unmanned Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR). Since the venturing of Israel into drone technology for military operations, the field has evolved into drones that can travel farther and longer alongside heightened communications. Drones have also advanced technically therefore expanding their utility in military applications.
USES OF DRONES IN MILITARY OPERATIONS
1.Monitoring long range military threats
Military attacks have been a global threat with nations using missile attacks to show their military dominance. For example, North Korea has captured global attention as it continues to blast missiles out to the sea. As a results, The United States Department of Defense is managing situational awareness while monitoring threat from North Korea.
Drone technology provides a platform for real time surveillance of missile threats. Drone surveillance also provides data that can be used to take preventive measures. This is also useful for creating security awareness among citizens.
2.Protecting residents in war zones
In military zones eg Somalia and some parts of Northern Eastern Kenya, the security of the residents should be a major priority. Drones can be flown into those areas to collect surveillance and relay data back to a central unit, eg security department headquarters. With this data, military personnel can create an effective plan to protect citizens in war zones.
3.Facilitating communication in low bandwidth areas
Some of the military operations take place in remote areas with communication barriers due to lack of network. There is need for communication between military officers and the military headquarters. Drone technology provides a platform for communication. It enables transmission of real time data between deployed personnel and the head offices.
A UAS system can send live GPS coordinates, mission data, video coverage, and weather conditions. This information is essential in making sensitive decisions. In future, drones may be deployed to carry out missions that are unsafe and complex for military personnel. However, this is in early stages of development.
4.Providing situational awareness
Real time data from drones can helps military personnel make wise decisions. They know when to attack and which situations require urgent responses.
Drones can be used to detect bombs during attacks by neighboring nations. Therefore, bombs can be countered before they cause severe damages.
Drones can be operated from anywhere and they can be used to conduct air strikes. Former US President Barack Obama once confirmed that USA had used drones to attack militants in Pakistan.
The commercial use of drones is growing rapidly especially in military operations since they save military personnel from many risks. Drones will continue to advance technically to provide better solutions in the military sector.