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  • Land is fundamental resource for almost all human uses 
  • The use of land resources shaped by the interaction of two broad set of forces 

– Human needs ( socio-economic) 

– Environmental features and processes ( biophysical) 

– Human action to the natural resources are the product of individual and group behaviors within the specific socio-economic and environmental settings

Natural resource are not uniformly distributed but vary spatially and, in consequence, the social and economic development challenges also vary spatially ™

In management context the spatiality of natural resources describe the development landscape as it currently exists as well as the potential pathways of change

Spatial based Information is the base for natural resource management

To Management Natural Resource

Information resources – Focuses on establishing processes and systems to gather, organize, summarize and package information.

Knowledge resources -Focuses on processes and people involving in creating, sharing and leveraging knowledge among scientist, communities and policy makers.

Here is where we apply GIS.


A computerized tool applied to geographical data for integration of collection, storing, retrieving, transforming and displaying spatial data for solving complex planning and management problems.

Major application of GIS in Natural Resource Management

– Resource assessment 

– Change detection 

– Suitability analysis

– Scenario study 

– Impact assessment